10 Tips For Gardening Beginners

Clean-Up The Space

Preparing a garden requires general clean-up work. You need to get rid of scraps and unwanted debris to give space for new vegetation. Start with your lawn. Then, proceed to cleaning your plant boxes and garden beds.

Remove Existing Weed

Weeds can affect the health of your plants. Remove existing weeds from your garden beds and boxes before adding new plants to ensure their growth.

Style Garden Beds

Add some curves to your existing garden beds, and give your garden a splash of uniqueness. Using a flat-edged shovel, simply cut along the edge of your garden bed. Keep it clean and neat. You may also add some mulch to retain the moisture in your soil.

Edge Your Lawn

Make everything pop by maintaining the lawn along your sidewalks and driveways neat. You may use a power edger or an electric edger, depending on the job.

Set Your Priority

Before you start gardening, you should know which parts of your garden you want to put emphasis or develop the most. Decide where you want to start, and don’t worry about slow progress. Besides, you’ll have to give more time for cleaning and maintenance.

Choose Garden’s Style

How do you want your garden to look? That depends on you. Whether you want a formal or an informal garden, you have the power to make it happen. Plan the overall design of your garden, and search various idea books to make the process easier for you.

Learn And Research

Keep in mind that plants grow in various conditions. Some plants can’t handle too much sun or shade. Learn your environment and the plants you’re planning to grow in your garden. A little research can also help.

Maintain Your Garden

Keeping up with your garden’s needs is a lifelong task, if you want your garden to always look healthy, neat, and organized. Be consistent in watering your plants, and in removing weeds so you can be sure that your plants are always at their best.

Ask For Assistance 

Put the word out. Let your friends know what your garden needs, and share with them the types of flora you’re looking to grow. You’ll never know, they could be a great help in budding your garden. Feel free to consult professionals, and ask for assistance from your loved ones should you need it.

Relax And Enjoy

After the long wait and hard work, everything will pay off once you start seeing the end results. Sit down, relax, and enjoy the beauty of your garden.


Who needs a Victory Garden?

Victory Gardens, also called “war gardens” or “food gardens for defense” were gardens planted by ordinary citizens during World War I and World War II to provide some relief in the public food demands. Ordinary citizens were growing tomatoes, carrots, lettuce, beets, and peas. Victory gardens introduced us to Swiss chard and kohlrabi because they were easy to grow.

A Sense of Purpose

Grow Your Own Food Victory gardens are “cropping up” across the United States and Canada. Victory gardens were considered a civil morale booster.

Victory gardens gave Americans on the home front a sense of purpose and a way to contribute to the war effort while also providing the food needed to sustain a nation during a time of need. But after the war ended in 1945, victory gardens began to disappear. Grocery stores and commercial food began to become more widely available so most Americans didn’t see the need to grow anymore. Gardening became a hobby rather than a necessity for most people.

Fast Forward to Today

The food supply and state of health in our country are once again facing new challenges. As a nation, we do not consume enough fruits and vegetables. A large portion of our food makes long journey before even hitting our tables, losing nutrients along the way. A sizable percentage of our food is grown with pesticides. And rising food prices (especially for organic food) only exacerbates the problem. Today, because many have concerns about the quality of our food, home gardening is making a resurgence.

Not only is gardening an excellent way to reduce your grocery bill, but it is also a great way to bring your family (and neighborhood) together.

  1. Growing your own fresh fruits and vegetables is a great way to stretch your food budget.
  2. Homegrown vegetables provide readily-available nutrition (every day a vegetable is off the vine it loses its health benefits).
  3. No harmful chemicals are sprayed on your veggies.
  4. It would provide fresh air and outdoor exercise for the whole family.
  5. Forges bonding experiences for family and community members.
  6. Allows you to control your food supply and be more self-sufficient.
  7. Gardening is a great activity to help relieve stress and improve sleep quality.
  8. Reduces your carbon footprint.
  9. Statistically, gardeners live longer!



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Why Choose 1st Choice Lawn and Garden Fertilizing?

Our products are natural, they’re good for you, your plant and the Earth.  Buy Direct – No middle man, No hidden fees, A better quality and a good price. Our product has natural occurring microorganisms like bacteria, fungi and mycorrhizae. Our product is made with biodegradable ingredients, compressed into pellets shape that absorb water during irrigation and channel water directly to plants root and improves moisture and distribution of nutrients.

Our Values

Our products are eco-friendly and environmentally safer option for kids playground, parks and recreation facilities.

User health and safety is our number 1 priority.

Our product helps you to save on water.

Our product does not smell.

Our product restore your soil.

Our Product Advantage

Inoculant: Promotes beneficial micro-organisms.

Allows manipulation of both soil biology and chemistry.

Earth-Care “use of micro-organism in positive way”

The soil food-web maintains the soil.

Supplies plant nutrients.

Protect and nourishes plant.



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Best Farm, Lawn and Garden Fertilizer

Our formula is a slow-release Fertilizer crafted with disease/pest/weed suppressor . Earth-Care Plus 5-6-6 is designed with several microbial mixture to produce all-natural and effective products. Most importantly, wild beneficial microbes enter the soil to assist with nutrients that will last a long time on your lawn and soil. Earth-Care Plus 5-6-6 is a complete solution for farm, lawn and garden

There are things you can do to enhance your plant health, and using Our all purpose Earth-Care 5-6-6 organic fertilizer will certainly give your plant all the nourishment required to grow.

You can use Earth-Care Plus 5-6-6 for plants around the house and also in pots or garden greenery. You can spread Earth-Care Organic Fertilizer on your lawn and plants to keep them healthy and help build plant immune system against pathogens.



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Spring Lawn and Shrubs Maintenance.

To prepare your lawn for planting, remove any weed tops or rocks over 2” in diameter from the surface. Till the top 1” of soil and rake the surface smooth. Deep tilling is unnecessary unless the soil is highly compacted. Adding soil should be unnecessary unless you’re facing solid rock. To prepare landscape beds for shrubs, excavate the beds as deep as necessary to remove weeds and grass, including all underground stems. For appropriate drainage, add topsoil if necessary to raise the beds above the surrounding area. To help your shrubs get the best start, apply 4”–6” of compost, high-quality organic farm, lawn and garden fertilizer . Till the bed to a depth of 6”-8” and rake the area smooth. The top of the beds should be flat and higher than the surrounding area with sloped edges.


To plant your shrubs, thoroughly moisten the landscape beds with water. Remove the shrubs from their containers, and cut or tear pot-bound roots from the outside edges of the root balls. Dig a dish-shaped hole for each shrub. To save yourself the hassle of weeding, use a high-quality organic fertilizer. Unroll enough fabric to cover the bed, overlapping individual fabric sections by 2”-3” secure the fabric with landscape fabric pegs or garden staples. Using a utility knife or scissor, cut an appropriately sized X above each hole, so that your plant can pass through the fabric into the hole. Now, to plant! Pass the root ball through the landscape fabric and set it on the bottom of the hole, so that the top of the root ball is slightly higher than the existing soil. Fill the rest of the hole with the dirt that came from it. Do not tamp the soil. Settle the soil by watering slowly with a garden hose just above the root ball and soaking the area. This will remove any air pockets. Cover the fabric with 3”-4” of mulch but don’t pile mulch against the shrub’s trunk.


Like all living things, the grass in your lawn needs food, and it’s up to you to replenish that food every now and then. To grow a thick, green lawn, be sure to apply a high-quality lawn, and plant food as directed on the package. When mowing, set your mower height to cut approximately the top 1/3 of the grass blades. Cutting more will compromise the health of the root system. Consider leaving the clippings on the lawn. They’ll break down in a matter of days and return nutrients back into the soil. When it comes to watering, new studies show better results with one thorough, weekly watering than more frequent, short bursts. Roughly 45 minutes to an hour is best in most cases. When fertilizing, don’t neglect your shrubs. Use a trusted granular fertilizer or, for a convenient and effective, time-release solution, look into organic fertilizer spikes with beneficial microbes or traditional fertilizer spikes for trees and shrubs. Bear in mind that azaleas, camellias and rhododendrons perform best with specially formulated natural fertilizers. Finally, depending on the light conditions and species, your shrubs most likely thrive on the same watering schedule as your lawn.



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To Valued Customers and Associates:

1st Choice Fertilizer Inc, will maintain full services on our website http://www.1stchoicefertilizer.com during this period of mandatory shutdowns. We are deemed an essential provider of services to garden owners , landscaping and farm industry. For this reason, our warehousing and shipping operations will continue providing services to all customers.

Rest assured that all staff have been trained in appropriate social distancing and hygiene measures. And they fully intend on respecting all customer needs and requests.

In 1st Choice Fertilizer, We believe a healthier future begins with how we take care of our planet. That’s why 1st Choice Fertilizer products help you to bring natural back to your garden, lawn and farm. Have a question or a comment? Please share! Together, we can grow a sustainable thriving world.

Please refer to http://www.1stchoicefertilizer.com for further updates.

We recognize these are extraordinary times. And we fully intend on supporting all customers through-out the duration of the crisis.



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1st Choice Team.

Using Microbes to Manage Climate Change

 Importance of Microbes in Our Soil

With regards to balancing increasingly unruly climate, soil microorganisms have been sequestering carbon for hundreds of millions of years through the   mycorrhizal filaments, which are coated in a sticky protein called “glomalin.” Glomalin may account for as much as one-third of the world’s soil carbon — and the soil contains more carbon than all plants and the atmosphere combined.

Present State of Microbes

We are now at a point where microbes that thrive in healthy soil have been largely rendered inactive or eliminated in most commercial agricultural lands; they are unable to do what they have done for hundreds of millions of years, to access, conserve, and cycle nutrients and water for plants and regulate the climate. Half of the earth’s habitable lands are farmed and we are losing soil and organic matter at an alarming rate. Studies show steady global soil depletion over time, and a serious stagnation in crop yields.

So, not only have we hindered natural processes that nourish crops and sequester carbon in cultivated land, but modern agriculture has become one of the biggest causes of climate instability. Our current global food system, from clearing forests to growing food, to chemical fertilizer applications, to food storage and packaging, is responsible for up to one-third of all human-caused greenhouse-gas emissions. This is more than all the cars and trucks in the transportation sector, which accounts for about one-fifth of all green house gases globally.

State like California lays more emphasis on car smog which is okay but could do more and incentivize organic farmers and sectors that promotes and helps to reduce climate instability.

Moving Forward

The greatest leverage point for a sustainable and healthy future for the seven billion people living on the planet is thus arguably immediately underfoot: the living soil, where we grow our food. Overall soil ecology still holds many mysteries. What Leonardo Da Vinci said five hundred years ago is probably still true today: “ we know more about the movement of celestial bodies than about the soil underfoot .” Though you never see them, ninety percent of all organisms on the seven continents live underground. In addition to bacteria and fungi, the soil is also filled with protozoa, nematodes, mites, and microarthropods. There can be 10,000 to 50,000 species in less than a teaspoon of soil. In that same teaspoon of soil, there are more microbes than there are people on the earth. In a handful of healthy soil, there is more biodiversity in just the bacterial community than you will find in all the animals of the Amazon basin.

We hear about many endangered animals in the Amazon and now all around the world. We all know about the chainsaw-wielding workers cutting trees in the rainforest. But we hear relatively little about the destruction of the habitat of kingdoms of life beyond plant and animal — that of bacteria and fungi. Some microbiologists are now warning us that we must stop the destruction of the human microbiome, and that important species of microorganisms may have already gone extinct, some which might possibly play a key role in our health

Steps Taken

1st Choice Fertilizer, has made good progress in mapping the soil microbiome, and also identify some species vital to soil and plant health, so they can be reintroduced as necessary. We dedicated to analyzing and mapping microbial communities in soils. We do not want to find ourselves in the position we have been with regard to many animal species that have gone extinct. We have already decimated or eliminated known vital soil microorganisms in certain soils and now need to reintroduce them. But it is very different from an effort, let us say, to reintroduce the once massive herds of buffalo to the American plains. We need these tiny partners to help build a sustainable agricultural system, to stabilize our climate in an era of increasing severe weather, and to maintain our very health and well-being.

Looking Back on Our Past

The mass destruction of soil microorganisms began with technological advances in the early twentieth century. The number of tractors in the U.S. went from zero to three million by 1950. Farmers increased the size of their fields and made cropping more specialized. Advances in the manufacture of nitrogen fertilizers made them abundant and affordable. Ammonium nitrate produced in WWII for munitions was then used for agriculture (we recently saw the explosive power contained in one such fertilizer factory in the town of West Texas). The “Green Revolution” was driven by a fear of how to feed massive population growth. It did produce more food, but it was at the cost of the long-term health of the soil. And many would argue that the food it did produce was progressively less nutritious as the soil became depleted of organic matter, minerals, and microorganisms. Arden Andersen, a soil scientist and agricultural consultant turned physician, has long argued that human health is directly correlated to soil health.

During this same period, we saw the rise of the “biological agriculture” movement, largely in reaction to these technological developments and the mechanization of agriculture. In the first part of the twentieth century, the British botanist Sir Albert Howard and his wife Gabrielle documented traditional Indian farming practices, the beginning of the biological farming movement in the West. Austrian writer, educator, and activist Rudolf Steiner advanced a concept of “biodynamic” agriculture. In 1930, the Soil Society was established in London. Shortly thereafter, Masanobu Fukuoka, a Japanese microbiologist working in soil science and plant pathology, developed a radical no-till organic method for growing grain and other crops that has been practiced effectively on a small scale.

Solution For the Future 

Fortunately, there is now a strong business case for the reintroduction of soil microorganisms in both small farms and large-scale agribusiness. Scientific advances have now allowed us to take soil organisms from an eco-farming niche to mainstream agribusiness. We can replenish the soil and save billions of dollars. Many field tests, including a recent one at the University of North Dakota, show that application of a commercial mycorrhizal fungi product to the soybean root or seeds increased soybean yields from 5 to 15 percent. The U.S. market for soybeans is currently worth about $43 billion annually, so adding healthy microbes to the crop will save billions (the value of increased yields is three to five times greater than the cost of application at current prices). Studies show that there will also be major savings from reduced need for chemical fertilizers and irrigation due to more efficient up-take of minerals and water. This also means fewer toxins and pollutants, particularly nitrogen fertilizers, leaching from agricultural lands into our public water system and rivers, which has contributed to massive “dead zones” like that in the Mississippi Delta.

For all these reasons, bio fertility products are now a $500 million industry and growing fast.

Reintroducing microorganisms into the soil, together with the organic matter they feed upon, has the potential to be a key part of the next big revolution in human health — the development of sustainable agriculture and food security based on restored soil health. Just as in the case of the human microbiome, the soil drugs of the future are ones full of friendly germs, and the foods they like to eat.


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Beneficial Microbes, Man’s Hope. Restore and Improve Soil Health.

The Connection Between Microbes and Human

We have been hearing a great deal lately about a revolution in the way we think about human health – how it is inseparably connected to the strength of microorganisms in our gut, mouth, nasal passages, and other “habitats” in and on us. we are told we should think of ourselves as a “superorganism,” a residence for microbes with whom we have coevolved, who perform critical functions and provide services to us, and who outnumber our own human cells ten to one. New scientific discovery show’s clearly ability to conduct highly efficient and low cost genetic sequencing, we now have a map of the normal microbial, make-up of a healthy human, a collection of bacteria, fungi, one-celled archaea, and viruses. Collectively they weigh about three pounds — the same as our brain.

Now that we have this map of how microorganisms are essential to our wellbeing, many accept that the eventual fate of medicinal services will concentrate less on traditional illnesses and more on treating disorders of the human microbiome by introducing targeted microbial species (a “probiotics“) and therapeutic foods (a “prebiotic” — food for microbes) into the gut “community.” In short, scientists believe the drugs of the future that we ingest will be full of friendly germs and the food they like to eat.

But there is another major revolution in human health also just beginning based on an understanding of tiny organisms. It is driven by the same technological advances and allows us to understand and restore our collaborative relationship with microbiota not in the human gut but in another dark place: the soil.

Just as we have unwittingly destroyed vital microbes in the human gut through overuse of antibiotics and highly processed foods, we have foolishly crushed soil microbiota essential to plant health through overuse of chemical fertilizers, fungicides, herbicides, pesticides, failure to add sufficient organic matter (upon which they feed), and heavy tillage. These soil microorganisms — particularly bacteria and fungi — cycle nutrients and water to plants, crops, which later become the source of our food, and ultimately our health. Soil bacteria and fungi serve as the “stomachs” of plants. They form symbiotic relationships with plant roots and “digest” nutrients, providing nitrogen, phosphorus, and many other nutrients in a form that plant cells can assimilate. Reintroducing the right bacteria and fungi to facilitate the dark fermentation process in depleted and sterile soils is analogous to eating yogurt (or taking those targeted probiotic “drugs of the future”) to restore the right microbiota deep in your digestive tract.

The Good News

Earth-Care Technology enables us to reintroduce microbial species into the soil to fix the harm and reestablish good microbial networks that support our harvests and give nutritious nourishment.

Looking Back

Since the 1970s, there have been soil microbes available in garden shops. but most products were hit-or-miss in terms of actual effectiveness, were expensive, and were largely limited to horticulture and hydroponics. Due to new genetic sequencing and production technologies, we have now come to a point where we can effectively and at low cost identify and grow key bacteria and the right species of fungi and apply them in large-scale agriculture. We can produce these “bio fertilizers” and add them to soybean, corn, vegetables, or other yield seeds to develop with and feed the plant. We can plant the “seeds” of microorganisms with our harvest seeds and as hundreds of independent studies confirm, increase our crop yields and reduce the need for less irrigation and chemical fertilizers.

Importance of Micro-Organism

These microorganisms do substantially more than sustain plants. Just as the microbes in the human body both aid digestion and maintain our immune system, soil microorganisms both digest nutrients and protect plants against pathogens and other threats. For more than four million years, plants have been forming a cooperative relationship with fungi that colonize their roots, creating mycorrhizae (my-cor-rhi-zee), literally “fungus roots,” which extend the reach of plant roots a hundred-fold. These fungal filaments not only channel nutrients and water back to the plant cells, they connect plants and actually enable them to communicate with one another and set up defense systems. A recent experiment in the U.K. showed that mycorrhizal filaments act as a conduit for signaling between plants, strengthening their natural defenses against pests. When attacked by aphids, a broad bean plant transmitted a signal through the mycorrhizal filaments to other bean plants nearby, acting as an early warning system, enabling those plants to begin to produce their defensive chemical that repels aphids and attracts wasps, a natural aphid predator. Another study showed that diseased tomato plants also use the underground network of mycorrhizal filaments to warn healthy tomato plants, which then activate their defenses before being attacked themselves.

How Micro-organism Works

In this manner the microbial network in the soil , like in the human biome, provides “invasion resistance” services to its symbiotic partner. We disturb this association at our peril. As Michael Pollan noted, “Some researchers believe that the alarming increase in autoimmune diseases in the West may owe to a disruption in the ancient relationship between our bodies and their ‘old friends’ — the microbial symbionts with whom we coevolved.”

Not only do soil microorganisms nourish and protect plants, they play a crucial role in providing many “ecosystem services” that are absolutely critical to human survival. By many calculations, the living soil is the Earth’s most valuable ecosystem, providing ecological services such as climate regulation, mitigation of drought and floods, soil erosion prevention, and water filtration, worth trillions of dollars each year. Those who study the human microbiome have now begun to borrow the term “ecosystem services” to describe critical functions played by microorganisms in human wellbeing.

Prevent Chemical From Playgrounds, For The Love Of Children.


These cases are just two of many. Thousands of people — mainly cancer patients and family members of those who died — have initiated pesticide-related lawsuits.

These cases add to a growing body of evidence that commonly used pesticides are dangerous. Unfortunately, children are particularly vulnerable to these harmful chemicals. The National Academy of Sciences estimates that about half of the average person’s lifetime pesticide exposure occurs during their first five years.

Controlling weeds and insects shouldn’t take precedence over our children’s health. Local officials and community advocates must lead the way in weaning our nation off these chemicals.

Pesticides can cause severe health problems. They may trigger or worsen asthma, allergies, autism, and ADHD. They have even been linked to nerve and organ problems, heart disease, Parkinson’s, and cancers.

Yet pesticides remain widely used in our playgrounds, parks and ball fields, where children can easily absorb these toxins. As noted pediatrician Philip Landrigan, Director of New York’s Mount Sinai Hospital’s Center for Children’s Health and the Environment recently explained, “Children have a larger surface-to-volume ratio and more permeable skin, leading to greater skin absorption of toxic chemicals.”

Children struggle to detoxify and excrete harmful chemicals, as their livers and kidneys are still developing. Children also have faster respiratory rates than adults, so they literally breathe in more pollutants.

Unfortunately, federal regulators have shown little interest in curbing the use of pesticides. Funding for toxic-chemical regulation has been declining. And in 2018, the EPA dismantled the National Center for Environmental Research, which studies the effects of toxic chemicals on kids.

That’s why local leaders must take action.

In Irvine, California, thanks to the leadership of several parents who spearheaded a group now called Non Toxic Neighborhoods, the city passed a historic resolution in 2016 to stop using hazardous chemicals in parks. Now, the city employs organic methods instead.

Also in 2016, South Portland, Maine, passed an ordinance restricting pesticide use on all public and private property. Under the ordinance, only organic pesticides or those classified as “minimum risk” by the EPA are allowed.

In 2017, residents in Naperville, Illinois launched a group — dubbed “Non-Toxic Naperville” — that successfully lobbied officials to eliminate the use of Roundup in city playgrounds. Already, Naperville Park District has moved away from synthetic chemicals in all 73 of its playgrounds — and eight of its 137 parks. Officials plan to monitor soil in these parks and, if all goes well, transition even more acreage to natural fertilizers and herbicides.

Some critics falsely claim that organic methods are ineffective and expensive. In reality, organic management can improve soil quality and boost the health of the turf. It has even proven to cost towns and taxpayers less than conventionally managed fields after the soil is brought back to a healthy state.

More communities should embrace organic land management. 1st Choice Fertilizer is helping them do so. In collaboration with Non Toxic Neighborhoods, and helping communities convert their playing fields and parks to organic management.

We hope to inspire many other similar initiatives.

Parents have enough to worry about. They shouldn’t have to fret about cancer-causing pesticides at the playground.


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Science Meet Practical Knowledge



Earth-Care Plus 5-6-6 Solving for Natural and Organic fertilizer

At 1st Choice Fertilizer,Inc we believe that human intervention is the clearest pathway to restoring equilibrium. Therefore, it is our goal to combine our Scientific Analysis with your Practical Knowledge and empower you as the, “Keeper of Balance,” restoring Mother Nature to equilibrium and optimizing whatever you choose to grow.

Earth-Care Organic Fertilizer is a dry formula fertilizers crafted with several beneficial microbial (probiotics) that helps break down nutrient into usable food for plant. Earth-Care is all-natural and extremely effective product, most importantly, wild beneficial microbes enters the soil to assist with nutrient breakdown, making it possible for nutrients to be more easily absorbed by plants.

Our formulas keep microbes in a dormant state until applied, they come into contact with water and become active, This prevent the microbes from deying off before they have reach the area of application, unlike laboratory cultures, our wild beneficial microbes enters the soil at vigorous point in their life cycle which makes them capable of reproducing and thriving in the natural environment.

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